image of from the Bayeux tapestry

Week 11: Aesopus.

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| Reading Quiz: Latin
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Reading #2d (Odo). Abbas et Monachi.

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Quidam Abbas dedit
Monachis suis
tria fercula.
abbas: "abbot" (abbas, abbatis)
monachus: "monk"
ferculum: "dish" or "course" (at a meal)
  how many courses did the first abbot serve?
Dixerunt Monachi:
Iste parum dat nobis.
Rogemus Deum
quod cito moriatur,
iste (abbas) parum dat nobis
rogemus: hortatory subjunctive
quod: medieval Latin for ut+ subjunctive
moriatur, s.v. morior
  why did the monks pray that the abbot would die?
et sive ex hac causa,
sive ex alia,
cito mortuus est.
Substitutus est alius
qui tantum dedit duo fercula.
causa: ablative
sive ex alia (causa)
cito mortuus est (abbas)
substitutus est alius (abbas)
tantum = "only"
  what did the next abbot do?
Irati Monachi et contristati
dixerunt:
Nunc magis orandum est,
quia unum ferculum subtractum est,
Deus subtrahat ei vitam suam.
orandum est, s.v. oro ("pray")
Deus subtrahat ei (abbati) vitam
suam: medieval Latin usage, where suus becomes standard 3rd person singular possessive adjective
  what did the monks pray for now?
Tandem mortuus est.
Substitutus est tertius,
qui duo subtraxit.
substitutus est tertius (abbas), qui duo (fercula) subtraxit
  what did the third abbot do?
Irati Monachi dixerunt:
Iste pessimus est inter omnes,
quia fame nos interficit.
Rogemus Deum
quod cito moriatur.
iste (abbas) pessimus est inter omnes (abbates)
fame, s.v. famis
rogemus: hortatory subjunctive
quod: medieval Latin for ut + subjunctive
moriatur, s.v. morior
  what was the monks' reaction?
Dixit unus Monachus:
Rogo Deum
quod det ei longam vitam
et manu teneat eum nobis.

quod: medieval Latin for ut + subjunctive
et (Deus) teneat eum manu (divino) nobis
nobis: dative of interest ("for our sakes")

  what did one of the monks do instead?
Alii admirati querebant
quare hoc diceret.
querebant = quaerebant
diceret: subjunctive in indirect question
  what did the other monks say?
Qui ait:
Video quod
primus fuit malus,
secundus peior,
iste pessimus.

quod: medieval Latin for indirect statement
primus (abbas) fuit malus
peior: comparative form of malus
pessimus: superlative form of malus

  what did the monk say about the three abbots?
Timeo,
cum mortuus fuerit,
alius peior succedet
qui penitus fame nos peremit.
timeo: medieval Latin for classical "timeo ne"
penitus: adverbial ("completely")
nos: accusative
  what is the monk afraid of now?

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Modern Languages 4970 / MRS 4903: Medieval Latin. Spring 2003 Online Course at the University of Oklahoma. Visit http://www.ou.edu/online/ for more info.
Laura Gibbs, University of Oklahoma - Information Technology © 2003.  laura-gibbs@ou.edu. Last updated: December 29, 2002 7:12 PM