image of from the Bayeux tapestry

Week 11: Aesopus.

Background | Background Quiz | Starting Assumptions | Resources | Extras
Vocabulary | Etymology | Grammar | Perseus Dictionary | Perseus Tool

Reading Overview | Reading Quiz: English
| Reading Quiz: Latin
Discussion Questions | Latin Composition | Weekly Checklist

Reading #1a (Ademar). Canis Calumniosus.

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You can also find an illustration of this fable from a book of Aesop's fables published in 1501.

Canis calumpniosus dixit ad ovem:
Debes mihi reddere panem,
quem dederam mutuo.

calumpniosus = calumniosus
reddere, s.v. reddo
panem, s.v. panis
mutus, s.v. mutuus ("as a loan")
  what did the dog want from the sheep?

Contendebant autem.
Ovis autem dicebat
nunquam ab illo
panem se accepisse.

(canis et ovis) contendebant
dicebat: introduces indirect statement (acc. + inf.)
se = ovem (refers back to subject of main verb)
ovis numquam accepit panem ab illo (cane)

  what did the sheep say about this?

Cum ante iudicem venissent,
canis dixisse fertur habere testes.

ante: preposition + accusative
iudicem, s.v. iudex
fertur: introduces indirect statement (acc. + inf.)
(canem) dixisse habere testes
dixisse: introduces indirect statement (acc. + inf.)
canis dixit se habere testes
  where did the sheep and dog go?

Introductus lupus ait:
Scio panem canis commodatum ovi.

scio: introduces indirect statement (acc. + inf.)
panem canis commodatum (esse) ovi
ovi, s.v. ovis (dative)
  whose side was the wolf on?

Introductus milvus dixit:
Me coram accepit.

coram, s.v. coram (preposition)
(ovis) accepit (panem) coram me

  what did the kite say?

Accipiter introiens ait:
Negas tu quod accepisti?

introiens, s.v. introeo
quod: medieval Latin usage for indirect statement
accepisti (panem canis mutuo)
  what did the hawk say to the sheep?

Victa ovis a tribus falsis testibus,
artius exigitur;
coacta vero
extractam lanam suam vendidit,
ut quod non acceperat redderet.

victa: s.v. vinco
tribus, s.v. tres
testibus, s.v. testis
artius: comparative neuter (adverbial)
redderet, s.v. reddo
ut redderet (hoc) quod non acceperat
  why did the sheep have to sell her wool?

Qui seditiose innocentes laniant
et opprimunt.

(the moral of the story)
[fabula dicta est hominibus] qui seditiose innocentes laniant et opprimunt

  what is the moral of the story?

Go to the next fable ->

Aesopus, 1505 (University of Mannheim; more information)

Modern Languages 4970 / MRS 4903: Medieval Latin. Spring 2003 Online Course at the University of Oklahoma. Visit for more info.
Laura Gibbs, University of Oklahoma - Information Technology © 2003. Last updated: December 29, 2002 7:12 PM