image of Samson and Delilah

Week 3. Vulgata: Samson.

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Reading #2: Book of Judges, 16.16-21

 

cumque molesta ei esset
et per multos dies iugiter
adhereret,
spatium ad quietem
non tribuens,

cum...esset... :  cum + subjunctive
cum... adhereret...:  cum + subjunctive
adhereret: s.v. adhaero (e for ae)
iugiter: adverbial form of iugis, from iugum: yoke (yoked together = in a row)
quietem: s.v. quies

  how does Delilah treat Samson now?
defecit anima eius
et ad mortem usque
lassata est.
eius = Samson's
  why does he finally give in to her?
tunc aperiens veritatem rei
dixit ad eam
"ferrum numquam ascendit
super caput meum,

veritatem rei = veritatem fortitudinis eius

aperiens...dixit: participle with main verb

  what is Samson's secret?
quia nazareus
(id est, consecratus Deo)
sum
de utero matris meae.
nazareus: Hebrew word, which Jerome glosses (id est...)
  why has he never shaved his head?
si rasum fuerit caput meum,
recedet a me fortitudo mea
et deficiam
eroque
ut ceteri homines."
rasum fuerit:  s.v. rado

recedet...deficiam...ero:  future tense verbs
ut:  means here "like" or "as"

  what wil happen if his head is shaved?
videns illa
quod confessus ei esset
omnem animum suum,
misit
ad principes Philisthinorum

videns quod:  quod for indirect statement
confessus esset: s.v. confiteor (deponent)

videns...misit: participle plus main verb

  what does Delilah do when she discovers Samson's secret?
atque mandavit
"ascendite adhuc semel!
quia nunc mihi aperuit
cor suum."

ascendite: imperative

cor suum:  neuter accusative

  what does she tell the Philistines to do?
qui ascenderunt,
adsumpta pecunia,
quam promiserant,

qui: relative pronoun at "beginning" of sentence (= "principes ascenderunt")

adsumpta pecunia: ablative absolute

  what do the Philistines bring with them this time?
at illa dormire eum fecit
super genua sua
et in sinu suo
reclinare caput

illa fecit eum dormire... et [fecit eum] reclinare caput (parallel structure)

sua...suo:  refers back to subject of main verb, fecit (= Dalila)

 

  where does Samson fall asleep?
vocavitque tonsorem
et rasit septem crines eius
rasit: s.v. rado
what does Delilah do while Samson is sleeping?
et coepit abicere eum
et a se repellere.
a se: refers back to subject of main verb, coepit (= Dalila)
  what does she do when the seven locks of his hair have been shaved off?
statim enim
ab eo fortitudo discessit
dixitque
"Philisthim super te,
Samson!"
enim: postpositive

discessit:  s.v. discedo
Philisthim: Hebrew plural

  what does Delilah shout?
qui de somno consurgens
dixit in animo suo
"egrediar,
sicut ante feci,
et me excutiam!"

qui: relative pronoun at "beginning" of sentence (= "Samson dixit")
consurgens dixit = participle plus main verb
egrediar: future tense
ante:  adverb of time (previously, before)
dixit nesciens: participle plus main verb

  what does Samson think when he wakes up this time?
(nesciens quod
Dominus recessisset ab eo)
quod: quod for indirect statement introduced by nesciens
recessisset: s.v. recedo
what did Samson not realize?
quem cum adprehendissent Philisthim,
statim eruerunt oculos eius
eum: relative pronoun at "beginning" of sentence (= "eum adprehendissent")
cum adprehendissent: cum + subjunctive
what did the Philistines do when they seized Samson?
et duxerunt Gazam
vinctum catenis
et clausum in carcere
molere fecerunt
Gazam:  accusative of direction
vinctum catenis: Philisthim eum vinxerunt catenis
clausum in carcere: Philisthim eum clauserunt in carcere
molere: s.v. molo
where did they take Samson and what did they force him to do?

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Modern Languages 4970 / MRS 4903: Medieval Latin. Spring 2003 Online Course at the University of Oklahoma. Visit http://www.ou.edu/online/ for more info.
Laura Gibbs, University of Oklahoma - Information Technology © 2003.  laura-gibbs@ou.edu. Last updated: December 29, 2002 7:12 PM