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The Greek Verb: Croy Lesson 10 - Imperfect Past Active Tense

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New material in purple
(no distinction between middle and passive forms)

PAST TENSE: Verbs in the past tense all take augment. When you use the present system stem and add augment to it, the result is the Imperfect.

Imperfect Indicative (Past)

Active - ἔλυον 10.65
PRESENT TENSE: The same stem is used to create the Imperfect and the Present. The Imperfect has augment (past tense), but the Present does not. The Present is an example of a non-past tense.

Present Indicative

Active - λύω 2.11
Mid-Pass - ἄρχομαι 9.55
INFINITIVE: The infinitive is, technically speaking, a noun. It is not a verb. There are no distinctives of tense in the infinitive. The infinitive never takes augment.

Present Infinitive

Active - λύειν 2.12
Mid-Pass - ἄρχεσθαι 9.57


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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