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9.57 The Present Middle/Passive Infinitive

Please read Croy's paragraph about the present middle and present passive infinitive. As with all present verbs, the passive and middle forms are identical. Here is a chart showing the infinitives for some of the verbs you have learned so far:

Verbs Active
Meaning Passive
Meaning Middle
ἀκούω ἀκούειν to hear ἀκούεσθαι to be heard ἀκούεσθαι to hear (in middle sense)
βλέπω βλέπειν to see βλέπεσθαι to be seen βλέπεσθαι to see (in middle sense)
πέμπω πέμπειν to send πέμπεσθαι to be sent πέμπεσθαι to send (in middle sense)
σῴζω σῴζειν to save σῴζεσθαι to be saved σῴζεσθαι to save (in middle sense)
ἐγείρω ἐγείρειν to raise ἐγείρεσθαι to be raised ἐγείρεσθαι to raise (in middle sense)
κρίνω κρίνειν to judge κρίνεσθαι to be judged κρίνεσθαι to judge (in middle sense)
ἄρχω ἄρχειν to rule ἄρχεσθαι to be ruled ἄρχεσθαι to begin
(these deponent verbs have no active forms
and no passive forms;
they only have middle forms)

ἀποκρίνεσθαι to answer
γίνομαι γίνεσθαι to become
δύναμαι δύναμασθαι to be able
ἔρχομαι ἔρχεσθαι to go
πορεύομαι πορεύεσθαι to walk


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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