image of Grammatica (by Abbess Herrad)

Week 14: Hrotsvitha.

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Reading #2b

Next reading ->

  (we have skipped a small scene where Dulcitius and the soldiers hear the women singing hymns long into the night)

quid strepat pro foribus?
infelix Dulcitius ingreditur.
deus nos tueatur!

tueatur: jussive subjunctive
  what noise do the women hear outside the door that scares them?
quid sibi vult
collisio ollarum,
caccaborum et sartaginum?
accedite, quaeso,
per rimulas perspicite!

quid sibi vult ____ : what does ____ mean

caccaborum = cacaborum (from the Greek kakkabos, "pot")
sartaginum: s.v. sartago

lustrabo: future tense

rimulas: diminutive of rima

  what exactly is the sound that they are hearing?
quid est?
ecce, iste stultus,
mente alienatus,
se nostris uti amplexibus.

mente alienatus = alienated from his mind ("out of his mind")

se uti: indirect statement (introduced by aestimat)
se: refers tback to subject of main verb (iste stultus = Dulcitius)
uti: deponent infinitive (takes ablative: enjoy, make use of...)

amplexibus: s.v. amplexus

  when they light a lamp, what do they see through a crack in the door?
quid facit?
nunc ollas
molli fovet gremio,
nunc sartagines et caccabos
mitia libans oscula.

amplectitur: deponent verb, takes object (sargatines, caccabos)

mitia: s.v. mitis (neuter plural accusative, agrees with oscula)

oscula: neuter accusative plural

ridiculum: note that this is neuter, not masculine (not "he is ridiculous" but "he is a ridiculous thing)

  why is Dulcitius hugging and kissing the pots and pans?
nam facies, manus ac vestimenta
adeo sordidata,
adeo coinquinata,
ut nigredo,
quae inhaesit,
similitudinem Aethiopis exprimit.

sordidata...coinquinata: neuter plural, agrees with nearest noun (vestimenta)

nigredo: nominative case (feminine singular, third declension noun)

inhaesit: s.v. inhaereo
similitudinem: s.v. similitudo
Aethiopis: s.v. Aethiops

  what does Dulcitius look like after hugging and kissing the pots and pans?
ut talis appareat corpore,
qualis a diabolo possidetur
in mente.
ut...appareat: ut + subjunctive
  why is it appropriate for Dulcitius to have this physical appearance?
en, parat regredi.
quid illo egrediente
agant milites
pro foribus expectantes.

en: a verbal interjection, very similar to "ecce!"

regredi: infinitive of deponent verb

illo egrediente: ablative absolute
quid agant: indirect question (introduced by expectantes)

  what are the soldiers doing as Dulcitius leaves the pantry?

Next reading ->

Modern Languages 4970 / MRS 4903: Medieval Latin. Spring 2003 Online Course at the University of Oklahoma. Visit for more info.
Laura Gibbs, University of Oklahoma - Information Technology © 2003. Last updated: December 29, 2002 7:12 PM