image of Grammatica (by Abbess Herrad)

Week 14: Hrotsvitha.

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Reading #1

Next reading ->

Diocletianus.
parentelae claritas ingenuitatis
vestrumque serenitas pulchritudinis
exigit
vos nuptiali lege
primis in palatio copulari,
quod nostri iussio
annuerit fieri,
si Christum negare
nostrisque diis
sacrificia velitis ferre.

parentelae: genitive
ingenuitatis: genitive, s.v. ingenuitas
"the claritas of the ingenuitas of your parentela"
vestrum: genitive plural
pulchritudinis: genitive, s.v. pulchritudo
"the serenitas of your pulchritudo"

vos... copulari: accusative plus infinitive, following exigit
primis: dative plural (primis = nobilibus)

quod: relative pronoun (refers to the whole "thing" he just explained: their getting married to the nobles of the court)

nostri: genitive
velitis: s.v. volo (takes complementary infinitives negare, ferre)

  what does Dioclentian intend to do with these three women?
Agapes.
esto securus curarum,
nec te gravet
nostrum praeparatio nuptiarum,
quia nec ad negationem confitendi nominis,
nec ad corruptionem integritatis
ullis rebus compelli poterimus.

esto: future imperative
securus: this adjective takes the genitive (free of...)
gravet: jussive subjunctive (let the praeparatio not be a burden)
nostrum: genitive plural (nostrum nuptiarum)
compelli: passive infinitive (with poterimus)

confitendi nominis = nominis quod confitendum est

  what does Agapes say in response to Diocletian's command that she worship idols?
Diocletianus.
quid sibi vult ista,
quae vos agitat fatuitas?
Agapes.
quod signum fatuitatis
nobis inesse deprehendis?
Diocletianus.
evidens magnumque.

ista = ista fatuitas
(vult here in the sense of "means" - quid vult? what does it mean?)

quod: interrogative pronoun (neuter singular accusative)

signum inesse: indirect statement, introduced by deprehendis
evidens: neuter singular

  how does Diocletian react to her refusal?
Agapes.
in quo?
Diocletianus.
in hoc praecipue, quod,
relicta vetustae observantia religionis,
inutilem christianae novitatem
sequimini superstitionis.

relicta...observantia: ablative absolute

notice the interlaced word order:

relicta observantia vetustae religionis

inutilem novitatem christianae superstitionis

  why does Diocletian think that Agapes is crazy?
Agapes.
temere calumpniaris
statum dei omnipotentis.
periculum -
Diocletianus.
cuius?
Agapes.
tui reique publicae,
quam gubernas.
Diocletianus.
ista insanit;
amoveatur!

temere: adverb

calumpniaris = calumniaris (deponent verb, takes object)

periculum = periculum est (it is a danger)

tui: genitive

quam: relative pronoun, antecedent is rei publicae

ista = ista femina
amoveatur: jussive subjunctive (ista femina amoveatur!)

  what does Agapes finally do that provokes Diocletian to send her away?
Chionia.
mea germana non insanit,
sed tui stultitiam
iuste reprehendit.
Diocletianus.
ista dementius bachatur;
unde nostris conspectibus
aeque subtrahatur,
et tertia discutiatur.
Hirena.
tertiam rebellem
tibique penitus probabis renitentem.

tui: genitive
iuste: adverb

bachatur = bacchatur
unde: wherefore (therefore, for this reason)

aeque: adverb (secunda, aeque prima)
subtrahatur: jussive subjunctive (Chionia amoveatur!)
discutiatur: jussive subjunctive (Hirena amoveatur!)

tertiam rebellem (esse): indirect statement, introduced by probabis
penitus: adverb

  what does Diocletian say about Chionia, the second sister? what does the third sister, Hirena, say about herself?
Diocletianus.
Hirena,
cum sis minor aetate,
fito maior dignitate.
Hirena.
ostende, quaeso,
quo pacto!
Diocletianus.
flecte cervicem diis
et esto sororibus
exemplum correctionis
et causa liberationis.

cum sis: cum plus subjunctive

fito: future imperative (fio, fieri)

flecte: imperative

cervicem: s.v. cervix

exemplum... causa: predicates of esto

  what does Diocletian say to Hirena to persuade her to obey him?
Hirena.
conquiniscant idolis,
qui velint incurrere
iram celsitonantis!
ego quidem
caput regali unguento delibutum
non dehonestabo
pedibus simulachrorum submittendo.

conquiniscant: jussive subjunctive
qui: relative pronoun (antecedent is subject of conquiniscant)
velint: s.v. volo
celsitonantis = dei

dehonestabo: future tense

submittendo (caput)

  how does Hirena react to this command to worship idols?
Diocletianus.
cultura deorum
non adducit inhonestatem,
sed praecipuum honorem.
Hirena.
et quae inhonestas turpior,
quae turpitudo maior,
quam ut servus veneretur
ut dominus?

inhonestatem: accusative, s.v. inhonestas

turpior... maior: comparatives of turpis, magna

ut servus veneretur: ut + subjunctive

ut dominus: here ut just means "like, as"

  why does Hirena say it is undignified to worship idols?
Diocletianus.
non suadeo tibi
venerari servos,
sed dominos
principumque deos.
Hirena.
nonne is est cuiusvis servus,
qui ab artifice pretio
comparatur
ut empticius?

venerari: present infinitive (deponent verb)

principum: genitive plural, s.v. princeps

comparatur: s.v. comparo, in the sense of "procure, get, buy"

empticius: "something bought" (used in Roman comedy to describe slaves bought at market as opposed to slaves born at home)

  how does Hirena refute Diocletian's contention that it is a noble thing to worship idols?
Diocletianus.
huius praesumptio verbositatis
tollenda est suppliciis.
Hirena.
hoc optamus,
hoc amplectimur,
ut pro Christi amore
suppliciis laceremur.

huius...verbositatis: s.v. verbositas

suppliciis: dative of means, s.v. supplicium

amplectimus: s.v. amplector (deponent verb, takes object)

ut...laceremur: ut + subjunctive

  what does Diocletian decide to do with all three women? how does Hirena react?
Diocletianus.
istae contumaces
nostrisque decretis contraluctantes
catenis inretiantur
et ad examen Dulcitii praesidis
sub carcerali squalore serventur.

contumaces: s.v. contumax

contraluctantes: participle (this verb takes the dative)

inretiantur... serventur: jussive subjunctive
serventur: s.v. servo, servare (not servio, servire)
examen: neuter accusative
praesidis: s.v. praeses

  where is Diocletian going to send the women now?

Next reading ->


Modern Languages 4970 / MRS 4903: Medieval Latin. Spring 2003 Online Course at the University of Oklahoma. Visit http://www.ou.edu/online/ for more info.
Laura Gibbs, University of Oklahoma - Information Technology © 2003.  laura-gibbs@ou.edu. Last updated: December 29, 2002 7:12 PM