image of Hrabanus Maurus

Week 7: Hrabanus Maurus: De rerum naturis.

Background | Background Quiz | Starting Assumptions | Resources | Extras
Vocabulary | Etymology | Grammar | Perseus Dictionary | Perseus Tool

Reading Overview | Reading Quiz: English
| Reading Quiz: Latin
Discussion Questions | Latin Composition | Weekly Checklist


Reading #3: Hrabanus Maurus, De orbe (cont.)

Diuisus est autem trifarie,
e quibus una pars Asia,
altera Europa,
tertia Affrica
nuncupatur,
divisus est [orbis]
e quibus [partibus tribus] una pars [nuncupatur] Asia
altera pars [nuncupatur] Europa
what are the three parts of the world called?
quas tres partes orbis
ueteres
non aequaliter diuiserunt.
diviserunt: s.v. divido
  are the three parts of the world divided equally?
Nam Asia a meridie
per orientem
usque septentrionem peruenit.
orientem: s.v. oriens [orior]
what part of the world does Asia occupy?

Europa uero a septentrione
usque ad occidentem,
atque Affrica ab occidente
usque ad meridiem.

occidentem: s.v. occidens [occido]
what part of the world does Europe occupy? what part of the world does Africa occupy?
Vnde evidenter
orbem dimidium
duae tenent,
Europa et Affrica.
duae [partes]
how much of the world is occupied by Europe and Africa?
Alium uero dimidium
sola Asia,
sola Asia [tenet]
how much of the world is occupied by Asia?
sed ideo
istae duae partes
factae sunt,
quia inter utrasque
ab oceano
mare magnum ingreditur
quod eas intersecat.
inter utrasque = inter utrasque partes
what divides the two halves of the world?
Quapropter si
in duas partes
orientis et occidentis
orbem diuidas,
Asia erit in una,
in altera uero
Europa et Affrica.
Europea et Affrica [erunt]
what is found in the eastern half of the world? what is found in the western half?
Istae tres partes
totum humanum genus
cum insulis
quae his adiacent
continent.
quae his [partibus] adiacent
where does the human race reside?
Et bene tribus partibus
distinctus est orbis,
qui sanctae trinitatis fide
imbuendus erat,
tribus: s.v. tres
why does Hrabanus think the world has been divided into three parts?
et euangelico documento
instruendus,
unde legitur
in parabola saluatoris
quod mulier
acceptum fermentum
abscondit in farina 
satis tribus,
donec fermentaretur totum,

documentum:  this word does not just mean "document"

parabola salvatoris = parabola Christi

mulier accepit fermentum et eum abscondit (passive participle)

satis: s.v. satum (= Hebrew saton)

(you read this parable earlier in the semester)

  Hrabanus now provides an allegorical interpretation of the parable of the yeast, based on this geography: the woman took the yeast and divided it into three measures of flour
id est sancta ecclesia
humano generi
(quod ex tribus filiis Noe
seminatum in mundo fuit)
santa ecclesia = mulier; farina = genus humanum
  in other words: the holy Church took the yeast and divided it into the three measures of the human race. how did it happen that the human race equals three measures?
fermentum euangelicae doctrinae
in cordibus fidelium
abscondit

Noe: genitive singular (Hebrew names usually don't decline)

cordibus:  s.v. cor
fidelium: s.v. fidelis

  Hrabanus then interprets the yeast to be the yeast of the Gospel; the woman hides the yeast of the gospel in the hearts of the faithful
donec
natiuum saporem totum
perfectam fidem
et scientiam spiritalem
conuerteret
in cultum et seruitium dei.
saporem... fidem et scientiam:  apposition
  what change does the "yeast" of Gospel bring about in the "flour" of humanity?

 


Modern Languages 4970 / MRS 4903: Medieval Latin. Spring 2003 Online Course at the University of Oklahoma. Visit http://www.ou.edu/online/ for more info.
Laura Gibbs, University of Oklahoma - Information Technology © 2003.  laura-gibbs@ou.edu. Last updated: December 29, 2002 7:12 PM