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Grammar: Correlatives

Latin students often have a really hard time with the pronouns, the adjectival pronouns (or pronominal adjectives!), and the corresponding adverbs of quantity, quality and time. Yet things are really a lot simpler than they might seem! These words are "correlatives" in Latin, which means that they are part of a general pattern or series. Instead of trying to memorize these words separately, it can help to familiarize yourself with the general system instead. Here is a chart that shows some of these Latin correlatives. Notice how the Latin follows a clear pattern, while the English phrases are sometimes very different from each other:

qu- or c-
Indefinite Relative
doubled (quotquot) or -cumque
-antus tantus: so great quantus: as great quantus? how great? aliquantus: some (amount) quantuscumque: however great
-alis talis: such qualis: as qualis?: of what sort?   qualiscumque: of whatever sort
-um or -ando tum: then cum: when quando? when? aliquando: sometime quandocumque: whenever
-ot tot: so many quot: as many quot? how many? aliquot: some quotquot: however many
-otiens totiens: so often quotiens: as often quotiens? how often? aliquotiens: sometimes quotienscumque: however often

Modern Languages 4970 / MRS 4903: Medieval Latin. Spring 2003 Online Course at the University of Oklahoma. Visit for more info.
Laura Gibbs, University of Oklahoma - Information Technology © 2003. Last updated: December 29, 2002 7:12 PM