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Greek Pronunciation

There is also an extremely useful site provided by Donald Mastronarde at UC Berkeley, where you can learn about Greek pronunciation and listen to sample audio recordings to help you practice the basic sounds:

Ancient Greek Tutorials, by Donald J. Mastronarde

For specific pronunciation recommendations and tips here at this website, see my remarks about Croy 1.2 Remarks on Pronunciation, along with the general observations below. Remember: the pronucniation of ancient Greek (including Biblical Greek) is not an exact science, so here are some important factors to keep in mind:

So keeping in mind that we are not really sure just what ancient Greek sounded like, you need to decide how you are going to pronounce it. You cannot learn Greek without reading it out loud all the time! Exactly how you choose to pronounce the Greek is really not that important, so long as you choose something you feel comfortable with and that encourages you to be consistent. Here are some recommendations for developing your own style of pronunciation:

Varieties of speakers. You will be exposed to a variety of speakers here in this class. A large portion of the online audio was prepared by Marilyn Phemister, who has a very consistent style of reading (she has put the entire New Testament in Greek online in audio format - what an awesome public service!). You will hear that Phemister does not, as a rule, pronounce the iota subscript, and her approach to the aspirated consonants varies. You will also hear audio recorded by me, which is a much more exaggerated kind of pronunciation (I believe that intonation is really important for understanding the meaning!) - and you will note that I do pronounce the iota subscript. Then you will also get to listen to audio recitations by other students in class, so that you will get to hear lots more ways of pronouncing the ancient Greek. I hope that you will enjoy it. I am really looking forward to hearing everybody's recitations in class.

And now that you have this overview of Greek and its pronunciation, you can start learning the Alphabet, and practicing your pronuncation along the way.


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM


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