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Croy Index: Vocabulary - Prosody - Verbs - Nouns - Adjectives - Nominals - Other Topics - Syntax List

19.132 Second Aorist Active Participles

Make sure you read Croy section 132 on the formation of the second aorist participles. As with the first aorist participles, the second aorist participles follow a first declension pattern for the feminine forms, and a third declension pattern for the masculine and neuter forms. As with all participles, there is no tense, so the augment is removed from the second aorist stem before you can form the participle.

Most importantly, the second aorist active participle endings strongly resemble the present active participle endings. The only difference is the accent. In all forms, the second aorist active participle endings are accented on the ending rather than on the verbal stem. This is a very distinctive feature of the aorist participle and will help you to recognize it when you are reading.

βλέπων (present active participle): "seeing"

ἰδών (aorist active participle): "seeing"

In addition, note that the feminine genitive plural has the accent characteristic of a feminine noun declension (circumflex accent on the ending), rather than the adjectival declension.

Nom. οῦσ-α ἰδοῦσα ών ἰδών ἰδόν όν
Gen. ούσ-ης ἰδούσης όντος
Dat. ούσ-ῃ ἰδούσῃ όντι
Acc. οῦσ-αν ἰδοῦσαν όντα ἰδόντα ἰδόν
= nom
Nom. οῦσ-αι ἰδοῦσαι όντες ἰδόντες ἰδόντα όντα
Gen. ουσ-ῶν ἰδουσῶν όντων
Dat. ούσ-αις ἰδούσαις οῦσι
Acc. ούσ-ας ἰδούσας όντας ἰδόντας ἰδόντα
= nom

Chart of Second Aorist Active Participle Forms

As with the first aorist active participle, the second aorist middle participle is also formed from the aorist past tense verb without the augment. Here are the aorist active participle forms for the second aorist verbs you have learned so far:

Present Present Tense Aorist Past Tense Aorist Active Participle
βλέπω εἶδον ἰδών
λέγω εἶπον εἰπών
ἔχω ἔσχον σχών
λαμβάνω ἔλαβον λαβών
βάλλω ἔβαλον βαλών
ἐσθίω ἔφαγον φαγών
εὑρίσκω εὗρον εὑρών
ἄγω ἤγαγον ἀγαγών
ἀποθνῄσκω ἀπέθανον ἀποθανών
ὀφείλω ὤφελον ὀφελών
φέρω ἤνεγκον ἐνεγκών
πίνω ἔπιον πιών
πίπτω ἔπεσον πεσών
φεύγω ἔφυγον φυγών
ἔρχομαι ἦλθον ἐλθών
ἁμαρτάνω ἥμαρτον ἁμαρτών


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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