Home - D2L - Syllabus | Calendar - Week 12 - Week 13 - Week 14 - Week 15 - Gallery | Perseus - UniGreek - laura-gibbs@ou.edu.

Croy Index: Vocabulary - Prosody - Verbs - Nouns - Adjectives - Nominals - Other Topics - Syntax List

16.108 The Sixth Principal Part

In this chapter you will learn the last principal part that you have to memorize, and you will also learn the last of the indicative tenses. So far you have had the present active and present middle/passive, the imperfect past active and imperfect past middle/passive, the aorist past active and middle (but not passive), and the future active and middle (but not passive). Now you will learn the aorist past passive and the future passive. These are both formed using the sixth principal part of the Greek verb.

Deponent verbs get a little confused in the aorist system. As you remember, deponent verbs take middle forms in the present system, with no active forms. In the aorist system, deponent verbs sometimes take middle forms, although they sometimes take the passive form too. There is no difference in meaning - these deponent verbs are still translated with active meanings in English even when they take a passive form in the aorist system. Make sure you read Croy's discussion of this situation in section 108 - but it is not something you have to really worry about it. If you are used to seeing the middle forms of a deponent verb in the present system, don't be surprised to see that same deponent verb sometimes showing up with middle forms in the aorist, and sometimes with passive forms.

The following is a list of verbs for which you now know all the principal parts. Croy lists some of the aorist passives as vocabulary items, and some he lists inside Lesson 16. You need to study all of these aorist passive forms, memorizing them as vocabulary items. You should be familiar with all the principal parts of all of these verbs. There are a few verbs for which you have not yet learned the second principal part (future). These are grayed out in the chart.

Verbs Future Aorist Active Aorist Passive  
λύω λύσω
ἔλυσα ἐλύθην vowel + θην
ἀπολύω ἀπολύσω ἀπέλυσα ἀπελύθην vowel + θην
πιστεύω πιστεύσω
ἐπίστευσα ἐπιστεύθην vowel + θην
θεραπεύω θεραπεύσω
ἐθεράπευσα ἐθεραπεύθην vowel + θην
σῴζω σώσω
ἔσωσα ἐσώθην vowel + θην
εὑρίσκω εὑρήσω
εὗρον εὑρέθην vowel + θην
κρίνω κρινῶ
ἔκρινα ἐκρίθην vowel + θην
γίνομαι γενήσομαι ἐγενόμην ἐγενήθην vowel + θην
βάλλω βαλῶ
ἔβαλον ἔβλήθην vowel + θην
ἐγείρω ἐγερῶ
ἤγειρα ἠγέρθην ρ + θην
ἀκούω ἀκούσω
ἤκουσα ἠκούσθην σ + θην
γινώσκω γνώσομαι ἔγνων ἐγνώσθην σ + θην
βαπτίζω βαπτίσω
ἐβάπτισα ἐβαπτίσθην σ + θην
δοξάζω δοξάσω
ἐδόξασα ἐδοξάσθην σ + θην
θαυμάζω θαυμάσομαι
ἐθαύμασα ἐθαυμάσθην σ + θην
ἑτοιμάζω ἑτοιμάσω
ἡτοίμασα ἡτοιμάσθην σ + θην
πείθω πείσω
ἔπεισα ἐπείσθην σ + θην
διδάσκω διδάξω ἐδίδαξα ἐδιδάχθην χ + θην
ἄγω ἄξω
ἤγαγον ἤχθην χ + θην
συνάγω συνάξω
συνήγαγον συνήχθην χ + θην
δέχομαι δέξομαι
ἐδεξάμην ἐδέχθην χ + θην
φέρω οἴσω
ἤνεγκα ἠνέχθην χ + θην
προσφέρω προσοίσω προσήνεγκα προσηνέχθην χ + θην
κηρύσσω κηρύξω
ἐκήρυξα ἐκηρύχθην χ + θην
ἀνοίγω ἀνοίξω ἤνοιξα ἠνοίχθην χ + θην
βλέπω ὄψομαι
εἶδον ὤφθην φ + θην
λαμβάνω λήμψομαι
ἔλαβον ἐλήμφθην φ + θην
πέμπω πέμψω
ἔπεμψα ἐπέμφθην φ + θην
γράφω γράψω
ἔγραψα ἐγράφην no theta
ἀποστέλλω ἀποστελῶ
ἀπέστειλα ἀπεστάλην no theta
ἐπιστρέφω ἐπιστρέψω
ἐπέστρεψα ἐπεστράφην no theta
ὑποστρέφω ὑποστρέψω
ὑπέστρεψα ὑπεστράφην no theta


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

powered by FreeFind