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14.91 The Second Aorist

Make sure you read Croy section 91 carefully.

In Lesson 13, you learned the verbs that take a first aorist, or sigmatic aorist. Those verbs formed the aorist stem by adding a sigma to the present stem. In this lesson, you will learn about the many verbs which do not have a sigmatic aorist. Instead, they have a non-sigmatic aorist form, also referred to as the second aorist. These verbs form their aorist stem by making alterations inside the present stem (much like the English verbs "come" and "came" which show an alteration in the stem of the verb between the present and past tense).

There are also examples of suppletion, as you saw with the first aorist verbs. Suppletion means that a present stem is paired with an aorist stem that originally came from a completely different verb.

Here is a list of the verbs which you have learned so far which take a second aorist form. You will have to memorize these forms. The verbs marked in purple are examples of suppletion.

Present Active Second Aorist Active
βλέπω εἶδον
λέγω εἶπον
ἔχω ἔσχον
λαμβάνω ἔλαβον
βάλλω ἔβαλον
ἐσθίω ἔφαγον
εὑρίσκω εὗρον
ἄγω ἤγαγον
ἀποθνῄσκω ἀπέθανον
ὀφείλω ὤφελον
συνάγω συνήγαγον
φέρω ἤνεγκον
πίνω ἔπιον
πίπτω ἔπεσον
προσφέρω προσήνεγκον
φεύγω ἔφυγον
γίνομαι ἐγενόμην
ἔρχομαι ἦλθον
διέρχομαι διῆλθον
εἰσέρχομαι εἰσῆλθον
ἐξέρχομαι ἐξῆλθον
ἀπέρχομαι ἀπῆλθον
προσέρχομαι προσῆλθον


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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