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10.67 The Imperfect Indicative of εἰμί

Make sure you study the forms of the verb "to be" in the past tense in Croy Lesson 10 section 67. Unlike the present tense forms of "to be," these past tense forms are not enclitics. They function as real words, with accent marks of their own. They are pretty easy to recognize, since they all begin with the letter eta, and except for the first person singular, the eta has a circumflex accent mark (the first person singular form has an acute instead of a circumflex because the final syllable is long - and you can only have a circumflex accent on the penultimate syllable when the ultimate syllable is short).

ἤμην: I was

ἦς: you were

ἦν: she was, he was, it was

ἦμεν: we were

ἦτε: you were

ἦσαν: they were

Here are some sentences for you to practice with, using the question word ποῦ, meaning where?

Were you in the small boat?

I was not in the small boat.

Where were you?

I was in my house.

ἦς ἐν τῷ πλοίῳ τῷ μικρῷ;
οὐκ ἤμην ἐν τῷ πλοίῳ τῷ μικρῷ.

ποῦ ἦς;
ἤμην ἐν τῷ οἴκῳ μου.

Were you in the desert?

We were not in the desert.

Where were you?

We were in the temple with the disciples.

ἦτε ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ;
οὐκ ἤμεν ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ.

ποῦ ἦτε;
ἦμεν ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ μετὰ τῶν μαθητῶν.

Was the prophet in the temple?

He was not in the temple.

Where was he?

He was in the desert.

Were the faithful brothers with him?

They were not with him; they stayed in their houses.

ἦν ὁ προφήτης ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ;
οὐκ ἦν ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ.

ποῦ ἦν;
ἦν ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ.

ἦσαν οἱ ἀδελφοὶ οἱ πιστοὶ μετ' αὐτοῦ;
οὐκ ἦσαν μετ' αὐτοῦ, ἔμενον δὲ ἐν τοῖς οἴκοις αὐτῶν.


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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