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10.66 Forms of the Augment

Please make sure you read carefully the information and examples in Croy Lesson 10 section 66.

There are basically three types of augment you have to worry about:

Simple verb that starts with a consonant. This is the easiest kind of augment, because you just add an epsilon to the beginning of the stem.

Simple verb that starts with a vowel. When a verb stem begins with a vowel, the epsilon of the augment gets "swallowed up" by the vowel, and this causes the vowel to lengthen. Make sure you study the examples of the vowel-initial verbs that Croy lists on p. 54

Compound verbs. You have to break the compound verb down into the prefix and the simple stem, and then add the augment. Also, if the prefix ends in a vowel, the vowel will drop out before the epsilon of the augment. Notice also that in the case of a compound verb, the accent will never go back onto the prefix - it will stay as part of the stem. Make sure you study the examples Croy gives of compound verbs on p. 55.

Irregular Augment. Make sure you look at the verbs θέλω and μέλλω which sometimes take an unusual form of augment (eta instead of epsilon). Croy discusses these verbs on p. 55.

In addition to the materials in Croy Lesson 10 section 66, check out the Augment Chart showing you the verbs and their augmented forms. You should also do the Present to Imperfect Transformation Sentences to make sure you understand the difference between the present tense verbs and the past tense verbs in the imperfect.

Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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