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9.58 Personal Agent with ὑπό

Please make sure you read Croy's discussion of the personal agent of passive verbs. The preposition ὑπο plus the genitive is used to indicate the agent of the action in a passive verb (remember that the subject of a passive verb is the recipient of the action). When a personal agent is indicated, you know that you are dealing with a passive verb. Although passive and middle verb forms look the same in the present, the passive and the middle are different voices, and one important difference between the passive and the middle is that the passive voice can take a personal agent, but the middle voice cannot.

It would be a good idea to review the information about middle and passive voice here at the website, paying careful attention to the differences between the middle voice and the passive.

Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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