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Croy Index: Vocabulary - Prosody - Verbs - Nouns - Adjectives - Nominals - Other Topics - Syntax List

8.51 Special Uses of αὐτός

Please make sure you read Croy's discussion of the uses of αὐτός very carefully! Make sure you understand the list of examples at the top of p. 44, showing all the different kinds of noun phrases you have learned so far. There is also a page of sample sentences with audio that you should study carefully.

In this section, you learn two new uses of αὐτός. You have already learned how αὐτός can be used as a pronoun. Now you will learn about two adjectival uses of αὐτός, which Croy labels the "intensive use" and the "identical use."

Here is a chart summarizing the examples mentioned by Croy.

  Intensive (masculine)   Identical (masculine)   Intensive (neuter)   Identical (neuter)
"this very stone,
the stone itself "
"the SAME stone"
"this very child,
the child himself "
"the SAME child"
Nom. αὐτός ὁ λίθος or   ὁ αὐτός λίθος or   αὐτό τὸ τέκνον or   τὸ αὐτό τέκνον or
  ὁ λίθος αὐτός   ὁ λίθος
ὁ αὐτός
  τὸ τέκνον αὐτό   τὸ τέκνον
τὸ αὐτό
Gen. αὐτοῦ τοῦ λίθου or   τοῦ αὐτοῦ λίθου or   τούτου τοῦ τέκνου or   τοῦ αὐτοῦ τέκνου or
  τοῦ λίθου αὐτοῦ   τοῦ λίθου
τοῦ αὐτοῦ
  τοῦ τέκνου τούτου   τοῦ τέκνου
τοῦ αὐτοῦ
Dat. αὐτῷ τῷ λίθῳ or   τῷ αὐτῷ λίθῳ or   τούτῳ τῷ τέκνῳ or   τῷ αὐτῷ τέκνῳ or
  τῷ λίθῳ αὐτῷ   τῷ λίθῳ
τῷ αὐτῷ
  τῷ τέκνῳ τούτῳ   τῷ τέκνῳ
τῷ αὐτῷ
Acc. αὐτόν τὸν λίθον or   τὸν αὐτόν λίθον or   τοῦτο τὸ τέκνον or   τὸ αὐτό τέκνον or
  τὸν λίθον αὐτόν   τὸν λίθον
τὸν αὐτόν
  τὸ τέκνον τοῦτο   τὸ τέκνον
τὸ αὐτό
"this very stones,
the stones themselves"
"the SAME stones"
"the children
"the SAME children"
Nom. αὐτοί οἱ λίθοι or   οἱ αὐτοί λίθοι or   αὐτά τὰ τέκνα or   τὰ αὐτά τέκνα or
  οἱ λίθοι αὐτοί   οἱ λίθοι
οἱ αὐτοί
  τὰ τέκνα αὐτά   τὰ τέκνα
τὰ αὐτά
Gen. αὐτῶν τῶν λίθων or   τῶν αὐτῶν λίθων or   τούτων τῶν τέκνων or   τῶν αὐτῶν τέκνων or
  τῶν λίθων αὐτῶν   τῶν λίθων
τῶν αὐτῶν
  τῶν τέκνων τούτων   τῶν τέκνων
τῶν αὐτῶν
Dat. αὐτοῖς τοὶς λίθοις or   τοὶς αὐτοῖς λίθοις or   τούτοις τοῖς τέκνοις or   τοὶς αὐτοῖς τέκνοις or
  τοὶς λίθοις αὐτοῖς   τοὶς λίθοις
τοὶς αὐτοῖς
  τοῖς τέκνοις τούτοις   τοὶς τέκνοις
τοὶς αὐτοῖς
Acc. αὐτούς τοὺς λίθους or   τοὺς αὐτούς λίθους or   ταῦτα τὰ τέκνα or   τὰ αὐτά τέκνα or
  τοὺς λίθους αὐτούς   τοὺς λίθους
τοὺς αὐτούς
  τὰ τέκνα ταῦτα   τὰ τέκνα
τὰ αὐτά

Feminine forms:

  Intensive (feminine)   Identical (feminine)
"this very sound,
the sound itself "
"the SAME sound "
Nom. αὐτή ἡ φωνή or
  ἡ αὐτή φωνή or
  ἡ φωνὴ αὐτή
  ἡ φωνὴ ἡ αὐτή
Gen. αὐτῆς τῆς φωνής or   τῆς αὐτῆς φωνής or
  τῆς φωνὴς αὐτῆς   τῆς φωνὴς τῆς αὐτῆς
Dat. αὐτῇ τῇ φωνῇ or   τῇ αὐτῇ φωνῇ or
  τῇ φωνῇ αὐτῇ   τῇ φωνῇ τῇ αὐτῇ
Acc. αὐτήν τὴν φωνήν or   τὴν αὐτήν φωνήν or
  τὴν φωνὴν αὐτήν   τὴν φωνὴν τὴν αὐτήν
"this very sounds,
the sounds themselves"
"the SAME sounds"
Nom. αὐταί αἱ φωναί or   αἱ αὐταί φωναί or
  αἱ φωναὶ αὐταί   αἱ φωναὶ αἱ αὐταί
Gen. αὐτῶν τῶν φωνῶν or   τῶν αὐτῶν φωνῶν or
  τῶν φωνῶν αὐτῶν   τῶν φωνῶν τῶν αὐτῶν
Dat. αὐταῖς ταῖς φωναῖς or   ταῖς αὐταῖς φωναῖς or
  ταῖς φωναῖς αὐταῖς   ταῖς φωναῖς ταῖς αὐταῖς
Acc. αὐτάς τὰς φωνάς or   τὰς αὐτάς φωνάς or
  τὰς φωνὰς αὐτάς   τὰς φωνὰς τὰς αὐτάς

Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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