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Croy Index: Vocabulary - Prosody - Verbs - Nouns - Adjectives - Nominals - Other Topics - Syntax List

7.46 Syntax of Personal Pronouns

Make sure you read Croy's discussion of pronouns, including the term antecedent. The notion of the "antecedent" will be even more important when you learn the relative pronoun later on in Lesson 27.

Gender. Pay special attention to Croy's remarks about gender. The gender of a pronoun agrees with the gender of the noun that the pronoun stands for.

This means that the pronoun αὐτός can mean "he" or "it" in English, depending on the noun, and the pronoun αὐτη can mean "she" or it" in English. Here are some examples:

φωνὴν καλήν ἀκούω. αὐτὴν ἀκούεις;
I hear a beautiful sound. Do you hear it?

ὁ ἄρτος ἐστὶν ἐν τῷ οἴκῳ. αὐτὸν βλέπεις;
The bread is in the house. Do you see it?

Genitive of possession. Also pay careful attention to the discussion of the use of genitive pronouns used to express possession.

ἡ ἀδελφή μου

my sister (the sister of me)

ὁ υἱός σου

your son (the son of you)

ἡ φωνὴ αὐτῆς

her voice (the voice of her)

τὸ πλοῖον αὐτοῦ

his boat (the boat of him)

οἱ οἶκοι ἡμῶν

our houses (the houses of us)

οἱ δοῦλοι ὑμῶν

your slaves (the slaves of you)

οἱ λόγοι αὐτῶν

their words (the words of them)

Prepositions and pronouns. Also pay special attention to Croy's discussion of prepositions and pronouns. In general, prepositions take the emphatic forms of the first and second person pronouns (μετ' ἐμοῦ, with me)

Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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